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Have you ever spoken to an electrician about a potential problem, but you feel as if he or she is speaking a different language? None of the lingo makes sense, and you’re left more confused than before?

Not to worry, Nittolo & Son in Madison & Rumson, NJ are here to get you up to speed with some electrical terms that are important to know! Here are 10 terms to get you started:

  • Let’s go back to the basics – what carries electricity? A conductor. A conductor is classified as any substance where an electric current can flow freely. Metals have very low resistance which is why they work optimally – copper being most commonly used.
  • A current is the flow of an electric charge through a conductor, often compared to the flow of water in a pipe.
  • Generators convert mechanical energy into electricity.
  • Volts measure the force of the current, also known as the voltage.
  • Voltage is the force from an electrical circuit’s power source that transports a current through a conducting loop. This makes tasks like illuminating a light possible. Voltage comes in two forms: alternating current voltage and direct current voltage.
    • Alternating current voltage is commonly created with generators. It is an electric current that reverses directions at regular intervals.
    • Direct current voltage is less common, typically powering devices like computers.
  • A rectifier is able to convert alternating current into direct current by allowing the current in only one direction.
  • Think of a circuit as one cycle of electrical flow. An example of this would be air conditioning, another would be lighting.
  • Ever see your lights flicker? This is a minor short circuit. A short circuit occurs when electricity is unable to complete the circuit cycle that was demanded. It often occurs due to old and frayed wires.

Nittolo’s trusted electricians have studied these terms and put them into action for over 30 years! Knowing electrical terminology is what helps our team identify any deviations from the norm so that we can act efficiently.

Want to save $25 off your first electrical job with us? Check out all of our star-spangled savings here! Schedule a free home electrical safety inspection by contacting us online or calling us at (973) 377-2266 !

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